He brought back with him from the East the Egyptian gods that Cambyses had carried away 300 years before, thus earning from the Egyptians the title of "Benefactor." But on discovering Balas' treachery, he took away his daughter from him and gave her to his opponent, Demetrius Nikator, whom he now supported against Balas. hero of the events described in Daniel 11:11-12. Which Kinds of Games Existed in the Time Who Was Titus in the Bible, Games in the Bible, What Bibliography Information Bible History Online Home, Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE) Ptolemy Ptolemy, as depicted in a copy (c. 1403/04) of the Bible historiale of Guiart des Moulins. Ptolemy synonyms, Ptolemy pronunciation, Ptolemy translation, English dictionary definition of Ptolemy. House of Simon the Tanner, What Was a Tanner, Meaning of the name For the first 7 years of his reign his mother Cleopatra acted as queen-regent, and peace was maintained with Syria till 173 BC. Bible-believing Christians reject such claims. Euergetes was, however, prevented from reaping the fruits of his victories by being recalled by internal troubles in Egypt. The marriage took place in 193 BC. Some authorities refer the persecutions mentioned in 3 Maccabees to this reign, but most modern authorities are disposed to date them in the reign of the anti-Jewish Ptolemy IV Philopator. The Bible is a bit vague regarding cosmology (the structure of the universe). Ptolemy believed that the Old Testament law was a composite text created with authorship from God, Moses, and the elders of the people. The next, quarrel was about Cyprus. Paracletus in the Greek, Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. The name Ptolemy is rather common from the days of Alexander the Great, but is best known as the dynastic name of the 13 (14) Macedonian kings of Egypt (323-43 BC) (as Pharaoh in the Old Testament). Like his father, he was actively engaged in two Syrian wars until peace was made about 250 BC, Berenice, the daughter of Philadelphus, being given in marriage to Antiochus II. Philometor this time secured his brother as a prisoner, but sent him back to his province. (3) Ptolemy III, surnamed Euergetes (Euergetes, "Benefactor"), son of Philadelphus, whom he succeeded in 247 BC. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. This Ptolemy shares with his son and successor the honor of rounding the famous Alexandrian Museum and Library. "Entry for 'PTOLEMY'". When Antiochus retired, Philometor made peace with his brother, conceding him a share in the government (170 BC). After the dismissal of his faithful minister, Aristomenes, Epiphanes' character and reign deteriorated. Daniel 11:25-30 refers to the events of this reign. The Bible is clear enough about cosmogony (the origin and history of the universe): God created everything in six days ( Genesis 1), and God made the heavenly bodies on day four ( Genesis 1:14–19). Philometor's brother was now proclaimed king by the Alexandrians, with the title of Euergetes (II). The brothers quarreled again, and Philometor, expelled by Euergetes, went to Rome to seek assistance (164 BC). Antiochus IV Epiphanes then invaded Egypt, defeated the Egyptians at Pelusium and secured the person of Philometor, whom he spared, hoping to employ him as a tool to gain the ascendancy over Egypt. The other Ptolemies of Egypt require no mention here. Salem Media Group. Alexander at his death, in a simplistic explanation, had four successors, the one who acquired Egypt was named Ptolemy, the very one who Alexander had given his daughter to. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. xxviii.17), but the control of these provinces seems to have been retained by Antiochus. God provided the Ten Commandments, Moses added to them to diminish the amount his people could sin, and the elders took over and changed it still, "legislating contrary to God" (Froehlich, 39). tol'-e-mi (Ptolemaios, but usually called Ptolemy-"the Warlike"): The name Ptolemy is rather common from the days of Alexander the Great, but is best known as the dynastic name of the 13 (14) Macedonian kings of … He was the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty which ruled Egypt until the death of Cleopatra in 30 BC, turning the country into a Hellenistic kingdom and Alexandria into a center of Greek culture. The Romans seated him again on his throne, assigning Cyrenaica to Euergetes. He was prominent among the officers of Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied in his eastern ca… Those of interest to the Biblical student are: (1) Ptolemy I, surnamed Soter, (Soter, "Savior"), called also Ptolemy Lagi, was born circa 366 BC, the son of Lagus and Arsinoe, a concubine of Philip of Macedon. Online Bible (KJV) On the death of Alexander, Ptolemy seized the satrapy of Egypt as his share (1 Macc 1:6). 1915. Church at Thyatira, What Was the Message to Thyatira, Revelation 2 and Thyatira, Ptolemy I Soter was a companion and historian of Alexander the Great of the Kingdom of Macedon in northern Greece who became ruler of Egypt, part of Alexander's former empire. The Bible and Palm Philadelphus is supposed to be "the king of the south" of Daniel 11:6, whose daughter "shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement.". (4) Ptolemy, son of a Dositheus; … PTOLEMY [ISBE] PTOLEMY - tol'-e-mi (Ptolemaios, but usually called Ptolemy--"the Warlike"): The name Ptolemy is rather common from the days of Alexander the Great, but is best known as the dynastic name of the 13 (14) Macedonian kings of Egypt (323-43 BC) (as Pharaoh in the Old Testament). Proud member Philometor was later drawn into Syrian politics in the conflict between Alexander Balas and Demetrius. Jewish leaders who governed in the time of Ptolemy had to keep order and make sure the people pay their taxes on time. Paul's Letter to Titus, Bible Study Lessons in Titus, Balas was defeated in a decisive battle on the Oenoparas and killed, but Ptolemy himself died in 146 BC from the effects of a fall from his horse in the battle (1 Macc 1:18; 10:51; 2 Macc 1:10; 4:21). According to one tradition it was Philadelphus who was instrumental in starting the Septuagint translation (see SEPTUAGINT). (2) Ptolemy II, surnamed Philadelphus (Philadelphos, "Brother(sister? Trees, Bible Study about the Palm Tree, The Righteous Will Flourish like a Palm Naves Topical Bible J. P. Mahaffy, Empire of the Ptolemies, is the best account for English readers. Answer: This is a very important question because the answer helps to shape our belief system and worldview, both of which have eternal consequences. Syria and Bible Prophecy, Tree Psalm 92:12, Meaning of the Name Those of interest to the Biblical student are: (1) Ptolemy I, surnamed Soter, (Soter, "Savior"), called also Ptolemy Lagi, was born circa 366 B.C., the son of Lagus and Arsinoe, a concubine of Philip of Macedon. The ancient authorities are Josephus, Polybius, Justin, Pausanias, Plutarch (Cleom. In 246 he was provoked to a Syrian war to avenge the murder of his sister Berenice at Antioch; in the course of this campaign he met with remarkable success, overran Syria, plundered Susa and Babylonia, penetrated to the shores of India and captured the important stronghold of Seleucia (1 Macc 11:8). in Smith's Classical Dictionary. An Egyptian dynasty of Macedonian kings . House of Simon the Tanner, What Was a Tanner. Ptolemy put a Jewish priest who was loyal to him in charge of Judah. ), Livy, Diodorus, Jerome (Commentary to Daniel 11). The statement, "in the 38th year of King Euergetes," in the Prologue to Sirach refers to Physcon Euergetes II and = 132 BC, since he dated his reign from the year of joint kingship with his brother (170 BC). On his throne, assigning Cyrenaica to Euergetes between Egypt and Syria, came in the time of Jesus under. Satrapy of Egypt require no mention here the government ( 170 BC ) by which Cyprus was lost Egypt. 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