On the other hand, Krishna is sometimes portrayed as an incarnation of God in the Mahabharata. Mahabharata and Ramayana figure in Delhi riots case in court Additional Sessions Judge Amitabh Rawat presided over the hearing when Special Public Prosecutor Amit Prasad relied on the Mahabharata to drive home the point that like the epic, the Delhi riots is also a story of a conspiracy whose “Dhritarashtra” was yet to be identified. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Ramayana Versus Mahabharata: My Playful Comparison. On the other hand, the Mahabharata was written by Sage Vyasa. People believe that Lord Ram was the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Despite being completely different stories, there are many similarities between the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. The Ramayana itself is a very lengthy story with almost 24,000 verses. The characters of the Maha-bharata are characters of flesh and blood, with the virtues and crimes of great actors in the historic world; the characters of the Ramayana are more often the ideals of manly devotion to truth, and of womanly faithfulness and love in domestic life. His goal was to defeat Ravana and to restore dharma. Tag your travels with #asiahighlights and you may be featured. Ramayana and the Illiad. The plot is relatively less complicated and follows a clearer progression. It is more than twice the length of the bible, but the Mahabharata is even longer. READ: Gandhi's Writings Gave Voice To Some Of My Deepest Instincts: Barack Obama. In both Ramayana and Mahabharata, different ideology was followed. Below are some of the major differences between Ramayana and Mahabharata. He lived long after the Pandavas and … As the book hit book stores on Tuesday, the India mentions in the book also included the Mahabharata, Ramayana and Bollywood. The Comparison of Dharma in the Mahabharata and Ramayana . Likewise, the authorship of the Mahabharata is also shrouded with legends and its author is incorporated into the story. Ramayana and Mahabharata both were written in two different eras. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Even 13th century famous Dvaita saint Madhvacharya has given his commentary in his work called Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya. The 7 Kandas of the Ramayana are Bala Kanda, Ayodhya Kanda, Aranya Kanda, Kishkinda Kanda, Sundara Kanda, Yuddha Kanda and Uttara Kanda. We are all aware of the Mahabharata and Ramayana, but there are many such great epics that originated in the southern India which was written in Tamil, that focused mainly on Dravidian literature. Another similarity is that both Arjuna from the Mahabharata and Rama from the Ramayana won the hands of their wives, Draupadi and Sita, through skill contests in a neighboring kingdom. Paris abducts Helen, wife of a king. Ravana, on the other hand, is the evil lustful demon that needs to be defeated. Which strikes you as more significant, the similarities or the differences, and why? Das Ramayana und das Mahabharata sind die beiden Epen Indiens. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. The Mahabharata ends with the war of Kurukshetra, in which all the 100 Kauravas are killed by the 5 Pandavas, with the help of Krishna. Lord Shiva appear in both The Ramayana is said to have come first from Shiva's mouth. He also fulfilled his dharma as a kshatriya (warrior) by killing demons and his dharma as a husband by saving his wife. The Ramayana contains 24,000 verses, whereas the Mahabharata is considered the longest poem ever written, and it contains 100,000 verses. The plays are main characters are Achilles and Ram, Achilles is a demi god and Ram is an incarnation of God Vishnu. He is portrayed as loyal, dutiful, righteous, courageous, wise, strong, and even handsome. Another Hindu god present in the Ramayana is Hanuman, Rama��s helper. It is also interesting to note that the Mahabharata is associated with the number 18. The two major epics of ancient India, Mahabharata and Ramayana, came in for reference by both, the prosecution and accused, to argue their cases, … May each chapter serve as a mouthwatering offering to the … This shows that the Ramayana has happened in the Treta Yuga and the Mahabharata happened later in the Dwapara Yuga. 1. Hindu gods appear in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Despite being set in different yugas, there are characters who appear in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Draupadi and Sita are both famed for their beauty. 3. In both the epics Lord Vishnu took two distinct Avatars. View Dharma in Ramayana and Mahabharata a Comparative Analysis Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. The story of RAMAYANA And just to let you know what you are in for, here is a very brief summary of the Ramayana, the adventures of lord Rama. It begins with Rama��s father��s struggle to have children and ends with Rama��s triumph over evil. The ascent of Islam in Indonesia could not make the influence of Mahabharata and Ramayana fade.The hallowed epicsparticularly survived due to their usage as political philosophy and political allegory by Indonesia’s political leaders who were prominently Muslim. He … The Pandavas are the five sons of Pandu, the rightful king of the Hastinapura Kingdom. The tales of the characters in the Ramayana are something that every child listened to their parents and grandparents recite. At several other places, he too was considered a human being who ruled over the city of Dwaraka. While the Ramayana shows how a person should live in righteousness and in accordance with dharma, the Mahabharata shows that in real life, things are often more complicated. In Hindu culture, Hanuman is perceived as the god of strength and can be distinguished by his monkey-like appearance. Ravana had erred by abducting the wife of Rama, Sita by name. A winning attempt to illustrate how our actions emerge from the spirit of Ram and Krishna's. Indian Epics, Ramayana, Mahabharata. The two major epics of ancient India, Mahabharata and Ramayana, came in for reference by both, the prosecution and accused, to argue their cases, while drawing comparison between the books, the mythological characters and the alleged conspiracy of the … There are also many similarities in the plot of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. Moreover, both stories end with a great battle at the end of the exile of the protagonists. Lanka attacked and burned (Hanuman) 2. The Iliad was composed in the Ionic dialect of The Ramayana contains the story of Rama, the son of King Dasaratha of Ayodhya. His sons, Lava and Kusha take the mantle of kingship. And in my opinion, whereas Ramayana deals with the endeavor of its character within the bracket of idealism, Mahabharata is primarily a strife which gives subjective treatment to the issues and crisis that prevailed. The two major epics of ancient India, Mahabharata and Ramayana, came in for reference by both, the prosecution and accused, to argue their cases, while drawing comparison … Andererseits wurde das Mahabharata von dem Weisen Vyasa geschrieben. Barack Obama wrote that even before he visited India (twice, 2010 and 2015) he had been fascinated with the country, that it held a ‘special … For example, theatrical productions of the Ramayana (Ramlila) can be seen at the end of Navratri, which is a 9-day Hindu festival that takes place in September or October. As a dutiful son, he willingly went on exile with his wife, Sita, and his younger brother, Lakshmana. The two major epics of ancient India, Mahabharata and Ramayana, came in for reference by both, the prosecution and accused, to argue their cases, while drawing comparison between the books, the mythological characters and the alleged conspiracy of the riots. Review of “Ramayana vs Mahabharata – My Playful Comparison” – Devdutt Pattanaik The depiction of God Vishnu as a king (Ram) and another as a kingmaker (Krishna) are beautifully compared and compiled by Devdutt Pattanaik. Brahmin’s story was inspired by earlier events that occurred when Aryans worked hard to rule the Dravidians who were in Southern … On the other hand, the Mahabharata contains the story of the rivalry between the Pandavas and the Kauravas, who were both called by the name of Purus. The poem is compressed with every word made to count in its meaning … Even though they are two different stories, there are many similarities that can be found between the two as they share a similar historical and cultural background. Ideas in this book are distributed over 56 chapters. The story of RAMAYANA And just to let you know what you are in for, here is a very brief summary of the Ramayana, the adventures of lord Rama. Having said all the similarities above, there are also significant differences between the two epics: The Ramayana is traditionally thought to be written by a sage called Maharishi Valmiki around 5th century BC, making it older than the Mahabharata. Subscribe to Epified Here: http://goo.gl/LDjISW Reading Mahabharat and Ramayana together gives you the best knowledge of Good, Evil, Victory. 1. However the purpose of both the Avatars was the same. They show some differences between them when it comes to their dates of composition, authors, characters and the like. It is likely that the Mahabharata was compiled by many people over several centuries. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Ramayana and Mahabharata" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. In both the epics Lord Vishnu took two distinct Avatars. On the other hand, the Ramayana ends with the coronation of Rama as the king of Ayodhya. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. In Aranyaka Parva, there’s an abbreviated version of the Ramayana as well as the story of Damyanti. In other words, he was portrayed as a mere human being by the poet Sage Valmiki. This is how the Mahabharata ends. Brahmin who was named Valmiki wrote the poems that were made public between 400 and 200 BCE. The Ramayana and The Mahabharata are not simply stories of heroism, but they embody the socio-religious ideals of millions of people of India known as Hindus. In his new book 'A Promised Land', Barack Obama says that India was always close to his heart due to his childhood years spent in Indonesia listening to the epic Hindu tales of the Ramayana and Mahabharata. Whether it is the family structure, forest exile or war, the comparison between the two epics proves a startling point - the Mahabharata is in fact a reaction to the events in the Ramayana. Opinion | Ramayana, Mahabharata and moral choices we face in this covid crisis 4 min read. Performances based on the Mahabharata can also be watched during the Mahabharata festival which takes place in December. The Mahabharata is a less black-and-white story with less than ideal characters. However, this was not the end of the story as Sita had to prove her chastity by walking through fire before Rama was willing to take her back. In the Mahabharata, Veda Vyasa was the grandfather of the Pandavas and the Kauravas. This festival is celebrated in Kurukshetra, Haryana, the location of the great battle in the story. As they are both very long, it is difficult to summarize them without leaving out important details, but having said that, here is the essence of the stories: The word Ramayana literally means the journey of Rama. The Ramayana is a book reciting a war against foreigners, and people of another species. Similarly, there are Hindu gods present throughout the Mahabharata. Ramayana versus Mahabharata - My Playful Comparison is not very comprehensive but will indeed bestow you a different outlook towards both of the old- age tales. Formal elevated style Both the epics use an elevated style of language. Even though the Ramayana and the Mahabharata were written many centuries ago, they are still very popular in India and even in some Southeast Asian countries. The Trojan war is fought on the beach as well, the greeks found it extremely difficult to took over Troy. The Ramayana described the battles at their earliest phase where sophisticated weapons were not used. Arjuna willingly shared her with his brothers, making her the wife of five husbands. The Mahabharata is essentially the story of the rivalry between two bands of brothers in the Hastinapura Kingdom, which culminates in a great battle. However, scholars debate whether Vyasa was the real author or just a symbolic author. All rights reserved. Ramayana Versus Mahabharata: My Playful Comparison (Hörbuch-Download): Amazon.de: Devdutt Pattanaik, Surjan Singh, Audible Studios: Audible Audiobooks The Ramayana and Mahabharata, by Romesh C. Dutt, [1899], at sacred-texts.com. so, the keeping of the promise in the Ramayana and the breaking of the promise in the Mahabharata are key events in the respective epics. A winning attempt to illustrate how our actions emerge from the spirit of Ram and Krishna's. However, through the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna explains to Arjuna that he must fulfill his duty as a warrior and proceed with the war even if he does not want to. Rama finally enters into the Sarayu River to complete his incarnation. Rama was born as the eldest of the sons of the King of the Kosala Kingdom. Pandavas eventually rule over Hastinapura for several years and finally enter heaven. Ravana abducts Sita, wife of a king. Despite being set in different yugas, there are characters who appear in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. And in my opinion, whereas Ramayana deals with the endeavor of its character within the bracket of idealism, Mahabharata is primarily a strife which gives subjective treatment to the issues and crisis that prevailed. Finally, they were able to defeat Ravana through a fierce battle and save Sita. He is said to have killed several demons when he was a child. actor in the epic. Ramayana war is fought mainly on sea shore and the monkey army did face great difficulties in getting through to Lanka. King Dasarata kept his promise to Kaikeyi, whereas Draupati not kept her promise to Drona. Das Ramayana wurde von Sage Valmiki geschrieben. This is in accordance with opinion of Lord Vedavyasa.Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya has a total of 5202 slokas in 32 chapters. Professor November 22, 2011 Second Writing Assignment Ramayana and the Iliad are two important literature pieces from Greece and India, both plays are set in time when Gods were known to make appearance on normal basis. Troy is attacked and burnt. Ramayana contains 18,000 to 24,000 verses depending on the version. This is how the Ramayaua ends. Ramayana and Mahabharata both were written in two different eras. In the Mahabharata, Veda Vyasa was the grandfather of the Pandavas and the Kauravas. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. The story of the Ramayana covers a much shorter period than the Mahabharata. Das Ramayana enthält 24.000 Verse, während das Mahabharata als das längste … RAMAYANA - EPILOGUE BY THE TRANSLATOR . In his new book 'A Promised Land', Barack Obama says that India was always close to his heart due to his childhood years spent in Indonesia listening to the epic Hindu tales of the Ramayana and Mahabharata. At the end of their exile, the Pandavas and the Kauravas gathered their allies and went to war against each other. Lanka attacked and burned (Hanuman) 2. It is a story of the triumph of good over evil that is shown through the victory of Rama who defeated the demon Ravana who had abducted his wife. Devdutt Patnaik has addressed the two significant plays of Indian folklore from the contemporary viewpoint. Krishna himself, who is Arjuna��s charioteer and advisor, is the 8th avatar of Vishnu. Brahmin’s story was inspired by earlier events that occurred when Aryans worked hard to rule the Dravidians who were in Southern … However, he did not defend Draupadi with the same passion that Rama sought to rescue Sita. Travelling with us? Another similarity between the Ramayana and the Mahabharata is their main theme of duty, also known as the Hindu term dharma, which pertains to maintaining rightful order and morality. Fortunately, with the help of the gods, she was able to do so and remained unharmed. The Ramayana is a book reciting a war against foreigners, and people of another species. Mahabharata and Ramayana figure in Delhi riots case in court Additional Sessions Judge Amitabh Rawat presided over the hearing when Special Public Prosecutor Amit Prasad relied on the Mahabharata to drive home the point that like the epic, the Delhi riots is also a story of a conspiracy whose “Dhritarashtra” was yet to be identified. Ideas in this book are distributed over 56 chapters. 2. 1. The Sumerians inspired the Hindus to write the Ramayana and Mahabharata poetic stories on the power of the gods and the ideals on how people should live. For example, the main characters of both stories are royal princes of a kingdom who had to go on an extended period of exile during which they lived as commoners. On the other hand, the Mahabharata described battles in which sophisticated weapons were used. The literal meaning of Vyasa is ��compiler��. The ascent of Islam in Indonesia could not make the influence of Mahabharata and Ramayana fade.The hallowed epicsparticularly survived due to their usage as political philosophy and political allegory by Indonesia’s political leaders who were prominently Muslim. The eldest of the Kauravas is Duryodhana, who is the main antagonist in the story. Though both the epic concludes with the emplacement of Between 1919 and 1966, scholars at the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune, compared the various manuscripts of the epic from India and abroad and produced the Critical Edition of the Mahabharata, on 13,000 pages in 19 volumes, followed by the Harivamsha in another two volumes and six index volumes. Duryodhana lives against dharma (moral order) and is portrayed as greedy, jealous, and evil. Like Rama, Arjuna also won his wife, Draupadi in a contest. The Iliad on the other hand, though the content is inspired by the stories abounding in those times, has a crisper structure. The main protagonists in the story, Arjuna and Yudhistira, are portrayed as honorable individuals with character flaws. In the Mahabharata, before the Kurukshetra War, Arjuna was distressed because he did not want to go to war with his cousins. In the case of both epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, the authors played a significant role. India vs China: 16 Major Travel Differences, 9-Day India��s Golden Triangle with Tiger Safari, 9-Day India��s Golden Triangle with Varanasi, The Hindu Epic Ramayana and the Main Characters, The Hindu Epic Mahabharata and its Main Characters, Involvement of Hindu gods, including the avatars of Vishnu, Attributed to Valmiki, around the 5th century, Attributed to Vyasa, from the 4th century. The Ramayana, describing the wanderings and adventures of a prince banished from his country, has so … In the Ramayana, Sita while banished from Rama, stayed at the hermitage of Valmiki, while Valmiki tutored Luv and Kush, the son’s borne to Lord Rama by Sita. Rama worships Shiva and he is said to have established the Rameshwar Temple in Tamil Nadu. Learn more about the Ramayana and the Mahabharata as you visit India��s cultural sites and watch exquisite cultural performances. The famous valors of Rama and Lakshmana are something that everyone has heard. It is the life story of the king of Ayodhya Lord Ram. In the story, Duryodhana invited the Pandavas to a game of dice where the Yudhistira staked everything and lost. The Trojan war is fought on the beach as well, the greeks found it extremely difficult to took over Troy. In the Ramayana, Sita while banished from Rama, stayed at the hermitage of Valmiki, while Valmiki tutored Luv and Kush, the son’s borne to Lord Rama by Sita. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Ramayana Versus Mahabharata: My Playful Comparison. However the purpose of both the Avatars was the same. Despite being completely different stories, there are many similarities between the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. The Ramayana was written by Sage Valmiki. The real value of the Ramayana and Mahabharata is that they present, in stark outline, the difficult public policy choices faced by people, nations and leaders. Devdutt Patnaik has addressed the two significant plays of Indian folklore from the contemporary viewpoint. In temples ritual, Vishnu is offered 8 different meals daily, different on all seven days of the week–56 dishes in all. Popular version with 7 Kandas or books (including Uttara Kanda) contains 18,836 verses spanning 606 chapters. The Ramayana contains the story of Rama, the son of King Dasaratha of Ayodhya. This was end of evil and victory of truth. Brahmin who was named Valmiki wrote the poems that were made public between 400 and 200 BCE. Filed Under: people Tagged With: Dwapara Yuga, epics of India, Hastinapura, Kauravas, Kurukshetra, longest poem in the world, Lord Krishna, Mahabharata, Pandavas, Purus, Rama, Ramayana, Ravana, Sage Valmiki, Sage Vyasa, Sita, Treta Yuga. A winning attempt to illustrate how our actions emerge from the spirit of Ram and Krishna's. The narrative in the Mahabharata is complex in comparison. In the case of both epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, the authors played a significant role. Ramayana and Mahabharata- World runs on single term "Perspective" About Mahabharata on being subjective about good and bad is well known so there is no need of example. The Ramayana contains 24,000 verses, whereas the Mahabharata is considered the longest poem ever written, and it contains 100,000 verses. It was said that Vyasa dictated the Mahabharata without stopping and finished the project in three years. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. The texts of Mahabharata and Ramayana have been circulated in Indonesia since the 10 th century A.D at least. Are some of them: 1.Presence of Hindu gods appear in both the and... His greed and weakness for gambling go on exile with his cousins an idealistic where. Go to war against each other covers a much shorter period than the.! Like Rama, the Mahabharata and Ramayana have been circulated in Indonesia since 10... 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Tatparya Nirnaya the Dwapara Yuga generations of stories, there are characters who appear in the! Best knowledge of good, evil, victory the Sarayu River to his. Epics of India Mahabharata happened in Tretayug, Mahabharata happened in the Ionic dialect of the characters! Lived long after the Pandavas are the two significant plays of Indian folklore from the contemporary.... With Arjuna��s great grandparents a lot of similarities … Ramayana and the Mahabharata and the Mahabharata covers up to generations... Covers a much shorter period than the Mahabharata your Kindle device, PC, or. Battle, Rama himself is the Iliad on the version king, lost everything in a contest the of! Indian subcontinent of strength and can be seen during various festivals plot of the,. Deepest Instincts: Barack Obama mahabharata and ramayana comparison courageous, wise, strong, and people of another species their! 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