For the first time, the Everglades became a subject of environmental conservation. This process was more dramatic in areas where flooding was not as prevalent. Of imported plant species, melaleuca trees (Melaleuca quinquenervia) have caused the most problems. The canal became the first C&SF project to revert when the 22-mile (35 km) canal began to be backfilled, or refilled with the material excavated from it, in the 1980s. Fish and Wildlife Service is addressing an unprecedented workload to assure that the Everglades restoration plan provides maximum benefits to the diverse fish and wildlife resources of south Florida. It is unsafe to continue using an old web browser, and we require that you upgrade to browse this site. By the 1960s, urban development and agricultural use had decreased the size of the Everglades considerably. All these projects rely on each other, and today’s ceremony is to celebrate the latest step in the long process of Everglades Restoration – restoring the heart of the Everglades through the Central Everglades Planning Project to deliver more water south. The Everglades is recognized both nationally and internationally as one of the world's most unique natural and cultural resources. [45] A limited genetic pool is also a danger. The Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) is a multibillion dollar project authorized by Congress in the year 2000. Task Force (TF) Sponsored Public Workshops, Biscayne Bay and Southeastern Everglades Ecosystem Restoration (BBSEER), Central Everglades Planning Project (CEPP), Western Everglades Restoration Project (WERP), South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Program, Invasive Exotic When habitat is lost, panthers will fight over territory. 3:59. It noted that though the population had increased by 90% over the previous two decades, registered vehicles had increased by 166%. Everglades Restoration is making headway as several large projects are underway including the C-43 Reservoir along the Caloosahatchee River. Work is now underway on a better way to move water into the parched Everglades. [24] At the insistent urging of Marshall, newly elected Governor Bob Graham announced the formation of the "Save Our Everglades" campaign in 1983, and in 1985 Graham lifted the first shovel of backfill for a portion of the C-38 canal. It’s a huge milestone in the restoration of the Everglades. [29] Although laws stated in 1979 that the chemicals used in the EAA should not be deposited into the lake, they were flushed into the canals that fed the Everglades Water Conservation Areas, and eventually pumped into the lake. [20] The last project, to build a canal to straighten the winding floodplain of the Kissimmee River that had historically fed Lake Okeechobee which in turn fed the Everglades, began in 1962. [26] Graham declared that by the year 2000, the Everglades would resemble its predrainage state as much as possible. The intrusion of urban areas into wilderness has had a substantial impact on wildlife, and several species of animals are considered endangered in the Everglades region. The Republican governor was there to watch Clinton, a Democrat, sign into law a bipartisan bill, the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Program, aka “CERP,” hailed as the largest environmental restoration project in the planet’s history. Fish and Wildlife Service were responsible for maintaining the Clean Water Act and the Endangered Species Act, yet still approved 99% of all permits to build in wetlands and panther territory. By the 1970s, bird numbers had decreased 90%. Therefore, the impact on other ecosystems worldwide still … Though it was optimistic, the Restudy noted, It is important to understand that the 'restored' Everglades of the future will be different from any version of the Everglades that has existed in the past. The Air Force base is located between Everglades National Park and Biscayne National Park, giving it the potential to cause harm to both. Save FL Water 12,689 views. Critics maintained its size was comparable to the Tennessee Valley Authority's dam-building projects during the Great Depression, and that the construction had run into the billions of dollars without any apparent resolution or plan. It grows rapidly especially after hurricanes and has invaded pineland forests. "Relationships among Wading Bird Foraging Patterns, Colony Locations, and Hydrology in the Everglades", in. Let’s stop here for a minute. Read:Massive Everglades restoration project in Picayune Strand more than two thirds complete Both projects, which are still in the planning stages, should be completed by … The panther is most threatened by urban encroachment, because males require approximately 200 square miles (520 km2) for breeding territory. The Everglades Restoration Project marks the first time a major public initiative has been reversed for ecological reasons, so it is a project that has gained worldwide recognition. Morgan, Curtis (April 25, 2010). The political motivations of Governor Napoleon Bonaparte Broward resulted in more successful attempts at canal construction between 1906 and 1920. [25] Within a year the area was covered with water returning to its original state. The U.S. [25] The Kissimmee River Restoration Project was approved by Congress in the Water Resources Development Act of 1992. Marjory Stoneman Douglas later wrote that the C&SF projects were "interrelated stupidity", crowned by the C-38 canal. [4] This wide and shallow flow is known as sheetflow. The USGS Greater Everglades Priority Ecosystems Program provides science to support management and restoration of America’s Everglades. You are seeing this because your outdated browser cannot correctly show you the content you were attempting to load. [46][47], Around 6 million people moved to South Florida between 1940 and 1965. The South Florida Everglades Restoration Project. The plan advised taking the following actions: The implementation of all of the advised actions, the report stated, would "result in the recovery of healthy, sustainable ecosystems throughout south Florida". It also warned that revising some portions of the project without dedicating efforts to an overall comprehensive plan would be insufficient and probably detrimental.[66]. [34], In an attempt to resolve the political quagmire over water quality, Governor Lawton Chiles introduced a bill in 1994 to clean up water within the EAA that was being released to the lower Everglades. Democratic Vice President Al Gore promised the federal government would purchase 100,000 acres (400 km2) of land in the EAA to turn it over for restoration. Floods from hurricanes in 1947 motivated the US Congress to establish the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control Project (C&SF), responsible for constructing 1,400 miles (2,300 km) of canals and levees, hundreds of pumping stations and other water control devices. Damage inflicted on the environment of southern Florida federal governments by lobbyists who protected!, Georgia ( August 24, 1998 ) ] Since then, Florida has purchased more land public... Of Lake Okeechobee % of the Importance of the Everglades out of the state Structure and Dynamics the... 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