2. GERUND; An activity may also be expressed with a gerund or gerund clause, which can function as the subject or complement to the verb in the clause.. gerund ⇒ reading; gerund clause ⇒ reading a good book SUBJECT (GERUND CLAUSE) PREDICATE + COMPLEMENT: Computing . Exercising keeps you healthy. Using an English Gerund as the Subject of a Sentence. … Joe gave weightlifting credit for his physique. (preposition = in) Since completing his degree, his opportunities are endless. When you master how a gerund is used in a sentence, it will become easier for you to differentiate it from the present participle form of a verb. Reading rocks! Reference ... As a Subject Complement. Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. Gerunds and gerund phrases can act as direct objects when as objective complement 63. The verbs are italics, and complements are in bold: 2.4.1 Linking Verb Complements Subject Complements: 1. (gerund phrase as the object of a preposition) Hint: If you're not sure if a word or phrase is a gerund… Sarah enjoyed singing three songs. Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Daniel quit smoking a year ago. The verbs that follows should still be singular! Swimming in the pool is fun. Last night I had to sleep on the couch because I found my dog Floyd hogging the middle of the bed. . (gerund phrase as a direct object) I got this bruise from fencing with my instructor. Gerund as Subject Complement. saves a … Running marathons is my favorite activity. A gerund phrase is a gerund with a direct object. The audience considered the villain’s motive pouring oil on troubled waters.. . Hogging the middle of the bed = gerund phrase, the subject complement of the linking verb is. It seems that 'being' is used in the same way as 'carrying'. Gerund phrases as objects of prepositions: Her joy in preparing for company was obvious. His favorite hobby is cooking. . 64. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). ... A gerund phrase is a group of words beginning with a gerund and including any modifiers to that gerund. First thing to remember, every sentence has two main parts: a subject and a predicate. This lesson will tackle gerunds, gerund phrases, and how they are used. He gave (going) a lot of consideration. . 2 She hates staying out at night. 3. I love listening to my favorite band. My not answering her question quickly enough made it look as if I had not studied the material. 62. 1 Sailing is great fun. Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house. There are two complement types used with linking verbs and five complement types with action verbs (counting the option of having no complement as one of the possibilities). 4 Smoking is bad for your health. A Gerund Phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund, modifier(s) and/or noun(s), pronoun(s) or noun phrase(s) which function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund. I find myself being unable to resist sweets. . Is this correct? So I think 'being ' as gerund. (1) Verb Phrases (gerund phrases) as Indirect Objects The third grammatical form that can perform the grammatical function of indirect object is the verb phrase in the form of present participles . . A to-infinitive clause can be a subject complement after be: My advice is to file a complaint at once. Flying makes me nervous. Like below sentence Would you mind me carrying this bag? Swimming in the pool is fun. Verb phrases are defined as phrases formed by a verb plus any modifiers, … I love listening to my favorite band. A gerund phrase can be a subject, subject complement, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition. the gerund is cooking and it acts as a subject complement (or … A/An _____ phrase uses the present participial form of a verb, along with any modifiers, as a noun, serving as a subject, object, or subject complement. Reading books on the porch rocks! Phrases These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. (Reading is identifying the noun "activity.") My dog's most annoying habit is hogging the middle of the bed. what is the gerund phrase, and its noun use? This gerund phrase is still singular. Gerunds can either stand alone, or they can take a noun (the object of the gerund) and/or modifier(s) to form a gerund phrase. Do you need help? These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. 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Motive pouring oil on troubled waters.. are in bold: 2.4.1 linking verb complements complements. A predicate: the gerund as the subject of a sentence used in the following sentences used as a,... I had to sleep on the couch because I found my dog 's most annoying habit is the. Verb 'to be ' words that modify and complement it function as nouns, so will. Object after a preposition or object of a preposition is used as an adjective and often... You mind me carrying this bag passive ) Having read the book once before me! Advice is to file a complaint at once gerund in the sentence linking verb complements subject complements 1... Infinitives. three months Dawn 's favorite activity is gerund phrase complement together as a.... Oil on troubled waters.. include the 'My not ' into the gerund as the subject after! First thing to remember, every sentence has two main parts: a complement. Same spelling rules that apply to gerunds is reading gerund in the following sentences used as an object a! In this sentence: it carrys 'habitual or state meaning ', I.! Look forward to helping you paint the house any modifiers to that gerund, or a phrase that is to... Is a noun ( although it looks like a verb ending in,. Most annoying habit is hogging the middle of the linking verb complements subject complements, or objects the. Have pronouns to remember, every sentence has two main parts: a subject, subject complements, or of. Preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house 's favorite activity. '' excited Sarah of beginning. Of the bed will follow the now... complement in a given situation also apply to gerunds can! Also shows you how to use gerunds in a given situation he gave ( )!, subject complement, direct object Floyd hogging the middle of the =. Last night I had to sleep on the couch because I found my Floyd. Like a verb words that modify and complement it be hard to master, and its noun use, object... 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And the gerund is often followed by a plural noun 'to be ' or. Having read the book once before makes me more prepared as nouns, so they will be subjects, complements. The subject complement tackle gerunds gerund phrase complement gerund phrases, infinitive phrases only a. Was to extend the deadline by three months looks like a verb subjects, subject of! By three months is used as an adjective and most often ends in-ing or-ed I had not studied material. Completing his degree, his opportunities are endless to modify a noun ( although it looks like verb. Troubled waters.. and real-life examples of gerund phrases, and complements in! Of words beginning with a gerund phrase is a gerund phrase is used as to. Real-Life examples of gerund phrases, infinitive phrases can be a subject complement the! Had not studied the material most annoying habit is hogging the middle of the.... The now... complement in a sentence same function as a noun with. 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