When floodwaters rose and broke through the stop banks of the Waipaoa River, 3000 people had to be evacuated from the Poverty Bay plains. Cyclone Bola was one of the costliest cyclones in the history of New Zealand, causing severe damage as an extratropical cyclone when it passed near the country in March 1988. (It was a true 'weather bomb' as explained in the article Extreme weather.) A Disaster Relief Committee was set up to assess the damage caused by the storm on the East Coast. States of emergency were declared in Wairoa, Gisborne and the East Cape. Remnants of a cyclone from South China sea entered Bay of Bengal and intensified into a depression on Nov 8, 1970. Then cold air from south of New Zealand happened to be moving up the east coast towards Gisborne as the cyclone approached and, being denser, sank under the tropical air, forcing it to rise (see isobar map above). It prompted one of the largest evacuations in … It remains the deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded and one of the world's deadliest natural disasters. The pine forests in the central North Island suffered badly with around 17,000 ha of trees uprooted  or snapped off. The most intense rainfall was on the steep hill country of the East Coast. Cyclone Bola, one of the most damaging storms to hit New Zealand, struck Hawke’s Bay and Gisborne–East Cape in March 1988. Weather map from 11th March 1988, showing Cyclone Bola (L) to the west of New Zealand. Bola colspan="2" style="background: #ff8f20;" Bola Near landfall on Madagascar Formed October 30 Dissipated November 12 Accumulated Cyclone Energy 12.22 Highest winds 155 (mph) Lowest pressure 933 Damages $600 2040-41 USD Direct Fatalities 1000 Indirect Fatalities 0 Missing 0 Areas affected Madagascar, Reunion Part of the 2040-41 Southwest Indian Ocean cyclone season It brought every major river in the North Island into flood and caused extreme wind damage over the whole island as well … Pastoral land was particularly … As the air rises, the direction of the flow changes, and the air is swept outwards, away from the centre of the cyclone. The force of Cyclone Bola was also felt in Northland. Bola caused severe damage to the North Island of New Zealand, where heavy rainfall peaked at 917 mm (36.1 in) in Gisborne Region. … When people in one house could not be evacuated by helicopter, horses were brought in to get them out. Worst affected was the hill country behind Gisborne. The upward air motion was further increased by gale force easterly winds blowing straight into the ranges west of Gisborne, so the conditions favouring rain persisted for a number of days. By the time he got back to the truck, the rising water had entered the cab and it too was in danger of being swept away. The 1999 Odisha Cyclone killed 9,658 people and caused $2.5 billion in damages (1999 dollars). We soughtto identifyfactors responsiblefor early decline of flooded vines, and strategies to increase vine survival after flooding. Creating destruction in Bangladesh, the cyclone caused an estimated 200,000 deaths. Created using Wiki Project TC tracks, basemap from NASA and Joint Typhoon Warning Centre’s track database, Extra tropical transition: https://blog.metservice.com/TC-extra-tropical-transition, TC Pam Summary: https://blog.metservice.com/TC-Pam-Summary, Severe Tropical Cyclone Winston - the strongest TC to ever hit Fiji: https://blog.metservice.com/TC-Winston-25Feb2016, This information is provided for your own personal non-commercial use in accordance with the MetService website terms and conditions. If you are still seeing this message and JavaScript is enabled in your browser then please either contact the library or fill in our technical support form and we will try to fix the problem. Cyclone Bola caused the first instance of “climate refugees” from a small island. Date: 2 February 2007: Source: Own work: Author: Alan Liefting: Licensing . Further north near Tolaga Bay, three people drowned after their car was washed off the road while being towed by an energy board truck. Thousands of sheep drowned and thousands of acres of crops inundated. An inquiry into flood management followed the cyclone, and made a number of recommendations. Fiji: Devastation caused by Cyclone Yasa compared to war zone. In Gisborne, the water pipeline from the supplying dams was lost. Cyclone prone countries. He told NZ Logger magazine that the risk of establishing short rotation plantation forests on some of the most erodible land in the country after Cyclone Bola may be “coming back to bite”. Cyclone Bola caused about $8.6 million damage to forests ($16.8 million today) and $90m ($175m) of damage to horticulture and farms. Bhol… Cyclone Bola. A state of emergency was declared in Dargaville, and the main water supply was disrupted when the line carrying the water was washed away with a bridge. Rainfall as high as 419mm in 24 hours was measured at one place and several others had almost 1000mm over four days. In New Plymouth a man trying to repair his roof received multiple fractures when he was blown to the ground and rolled 30 metres down the road. Most of the damage happened in places where there had been little or no soil conservation work or flood control schemes. When the floodwaters finally receded, silt a metre or more deep covered large areas of farmland and orchards. Cyclone Bola had rainfall between 300 and 900 mm over 4 days (Page et al. The 1999 Odisha Cyclone killed 9,658 people and caused $2.5 billion in damages (1999 dollars). 1765 farmers were affected by damage to their land and crops or stock losses. Similarly, parts of Taranaki and Waikato had almost no rain during the time the wind was blowing from the southeast. 1988 - Cyclone Bola intensifies into a named storm as it affects Fiji. Heavy rain in the area resulted in landslides, cuts to power and sewage services, and closed a number of roads. The torrential rain had been falling since 6 March, and continued for three days non-stop. With the main damaging erosion types being … It formed on February 24 to the north of Fiji, and tracking generally southwestward it reached hurricane-force winds near Vanuatu on February 28. Cyclone Bola (L) lying to the north of New Zealand. This was not the strongest cyclone (Cat. Countless slips and landslides came down and millions of tons of alluvium filled the rivers. The cyclone slowed as it moved over the area, resulting in over three days of torrential rain. It is also interesting to note, however, that some places between Northland and Gisborne had far less rain. But in Northland the wind blew straight off the sea and there was no protection from sheltering hills. 1968 — Cyclone Giselle caused much storm damage throughout the country. The central span of the bridge across the Wairoa River was washed away. 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