2 Vitamin B9 also works together with vitamin B12 and vitamin B6 for homocysteine level control, an amino acid associated with heart disease. It contributes to the production of energy. Your body doesn’t produce these vitamins and minerals on its own, and while you can get most of these from a supplement, your body reacts better when these vitamins and minerals come from food. Primary and Secondary Metabolites In animal tissues, one notices the presence of all categories of compounds shown in Figure 9.1. Here are some of best sellings […] Vitamins. Diseases caused by their deficiency. It can also lead to depression and nervous breakdowns. Vitamin C is an antioxidant, which helps prevent damage from free radicals. • Deficiency diseases: Night blindness, redness in eyes (Exophthalmia), degeneration of lachrymal glands. Research indicates that a deficiency in vitamin D is quite common, particularly in the winter months in areas where there is little sunshine. Children need vitamins to promote growth, development and good immune health. Nutrients are needed for the nutrition of the body. Vitamin D insufficiency has been described as an important factor in the development of some ADs, generally attributed to the key role of this vitamin in the immune system. It plays a significant part in making neurotransmitters, hormones and proteins. Although rare, biotin deficiency symptoms include fatigue, loss of appetite, dry scaly skin, hair loss, magenta colored painful and swollen tongue, cracked mouth corners, dry eyes, depression and insomnia. Vitamin D deficiency is common and very damaging. vitamers) that is an essential micronutrient which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism. Vitamin C helps with collagen manufacture, a protein made use of for making blood vessels, cartilage, ligaments, tendons and skin. The deficiency affects the amount of blood flow to the skin and … The Following table contains the list the diseases cause by the deficiency of each of the important Vitamins -: Vitamin Name Disease Names . We assessed the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency, defined by 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) blood levels of 30-50 and <30 nmol/L, respectively, and their association with mortality from respiratory diseases during 15 years of follow-up in a cohort of 9548 adults aged 50-75 years from Saarland, Germany. h��Xks7�+�ӉV�G��c�2%@c(2����d����.����+mB�$������Y�uuu�=�:��� f�cR{��)��fDD�5�'��dA��)-�fR:äRdi� �����Ϥ��90��D&�P�`(%4��n�eJ�g���������4T�v� �i/2`2A1F�0�0ij�"Cxȩ�DL@�TT;1(�D��W+�G��! Although thiamine deficiency is rare, symptoms include fatigue, depression, irritability, headache, nausea, abdominal discomfort, trouble digesting carbohydrates which can cause a disease called beriberi that results only from severe thiamin deficiency. Vitamin C is required for wound healing, as well as for teeth and bone repair and maintenance. Severe niacin deficiency can result in pellagra, a condition with symptoms that include scaly and cracked skin, diarrhea and dementia. Ask doctors free. Grain products such as rice, pasta, bread, and cereal grains are synthetically enriched with thiamine. VITAMINS AND DEFICIENCY DISEASES AISWARYA THOMAS 2nd year Pharm D 1 2. Vitamin Drug class A bottle of B-complex vitamin pills Pronunciation UK: / ˈ v ɪ t ə m ɪ n, ˈ v aɪ -/ US: / ˈ v aɪ t ə m ɪ n / In Wikidata A vitamin is an organic molecule (or a set of molecules closely related chemically, i.e. Diagnosis is usually clinical. Beef kidney, beef liver, tuna, swordfish, salmon, brewer’s yeast, beets, sunflower seeds, and peanuts. It can also play a part in a form of osteoarthritis known as Kashin-Beck disease, and can also aggravate iodine deficiency. 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