The lineage and honors of 2/20th is in the link. John Gatens, U.S. Army Ret., Personal interview, October 17, 2011. In World War II, both German and American artillery fire direction was normally done at the battalion level. There was even an instance within the 106th ID when a battery commander was actually manning an observation outpost at the time of the initial attack during the Bulge. Will do my best and get back to you as soon as I can. The entire VII Corps was on the move, and the 951 st was attached to the 188 th Field Artillery … In addition, Allied air supremacy would have rapidly driven them from the sky. The wide dispersal of an exploding shell, which could be more than 50 yards, gave the gunners room to be off a little bit. Each battery had about 100 men, which broke down into five officers and 95 enlisted of various rank. The four divisions fighting on the northern shoulder of the Battle of the Bulge went even further. Batteries were further subdivided into sections. It sometimes has mentions of the 20th Field Artillery, although references to World War II are becoming fewer and fewer. So i just wanted some info even if vaguely describes the 282 during the war. The proximity, or variable time (VT), fuze automatically exploded the shell above the ground, simplifying the gunners’ job. You can either email me, friend me on Facebook or my Red Legs page. There were 238 separate field artillery battalions operating in the ETO by war’s end, with 36 105mm and 71 155mm battalions. He only spoke of the war on a few occasions. My father taught at Ft. Sill right after the war, and again at various times over the years for shorter stints (summer camp?) The shells had lifting rings attached at their nose during shipment, and they had to be removed to install the fuse. There were instance after the Bulge were survivors who were in units wiped in the battle were farmed out to other battalions until their original units were reformed or the war was over. The first to arrive tended to be well equipped elite units and they were quickly ground down. Thank you so much for sharing this information. Amazingly, those incidents were relatively rare considering the near constant use that most of the weapons received. *This publication supersedes FM 3-09.21, Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures For The Field Artillery Battalion Any assistance will be appreciated. My father was with the 662nd FA Battalion in Europe in WWII. They were supported by the fire of 348 guns and a battalion of 4.2-inch mortars. Posted on June 3, 2017 by MSW. The term Red Leg began in the Civil War, First during the Kansas border wars and then the Army adapted it later. That is what I had when I arrived and a year later what I had when I left. The unit crest on his IKE Jacket is the 2nd FA Obv Bn and he attained the rank of Tech 5. I know his headstone states he was a Sergeant but he must received that at Camp Swift in Texas in the three months before being discharged on October 14, 1945. He talked about working with the howitzers, and even firing them, but apparently he was attached to the Service Battalion. Just like the enlisted, the cross training of commissioned personnel was an essential element in every battalion. Looks like B Battery only. The raids also caused heavy losses in men and materiel. Thanks, Mr. McCasland. The communications platoon had the wire and radio section which was provided with over 30 miles of telephone wire and 4 radio sets. This included self-propelled units such as the 275th Armored Field Artillery, who were positioned just north of the 106th. about practically any U.S.Army unit contact: When the Army decided to build such vehicles, the Wehrmacht was making successful attacks with massed tanks. Jim has the largest library of unit histories anywhere. Many of the other non-firing battery assignments came with a multitude of dangers and nowhere was that more illustrated than for the men of the wire section of HQ Battery. For example, if the setting sleeve was turned parallel to the shell, it was set for superquick. The relative lack of mobility of Germany’s artillery was caused by the limitations of the German economy, desultory planning, and the initiation of hostilities long before the planned expansion of the Wehrmacht was complete. If you can't attach it on there, send me your email and I can get back to you. It moved to Marl on 31 March, the end of the period. Junior commanders were expected to use their own initiative. These highly mobile tank destroyers were intended to rush to the scene of such an attack and seal off the penetration. There was a replacement system, but the exigencies of combat left all units in the combat arms (infantry, armor, engineer or artillery) short of men. 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